The province of Bergamo is one of the most populous area of Italy.

It has a surface of 2.723 square KM, it is home for over 1,100.00 inhabitants and there are 224 Municipalities.

Bergamo’s territory is normally divided into 10 areas

1- Bergamo Città

2- Val Brembana

3- Val Calepio

4- Val Cavallina

5- Val di Scalve

6- Val Imagna

7- Val Seriana

8- Sebino

9- Isola Bergamasca

10- Pianura Bergamasca

1 Bergamo Città

Bergamo is divided into two different parts : “Citta Alta” (upper city) and “Citta Bassa” (lower city)

Bergamo Alta (also called Città Alta – upper city) is a medieval town and it is surrounded by defensive walls, which today are almost intact, built during the Republic of Venice (around the second half of ‘500)

The best-known part of “Città Alta” is “Piazza Vecchia” (old square) where it is possible to see: the “Palazzo della Ragione” , the “Torre Civica”, the “Duomo” (Bergamo Cathedral), the “Cappella Colleoni” (Colleoni Chapel), the “Battistero” (Baptistery) and the “Fontana Contarini” (Contarini fountain).

The lower city is instead characterized by the presence of “Borghi” (burgs) built along the main roads that link the hills with the plains.

The best-known and the most ancient burgs are “Borgo Canale”, “Borgo San Leonardo”, “Borgo San Tomaso”, “Borgo Santa Caterina”, “Borgo Pignolo” and “Borgo Palazzo”.

2 Val Brembana

It takes its name from the river crossing it, the Brembo.

While the lowland is widely urbanized, the slopes of the valley have typical Pre-Alps landscapes and the upper valley is characterized by a mountain environment.

Val Brembana borders with the provinces of Sondrio and Lecco, the Orobie Alps (from which the river Brembo springs), Val Seriana and Val Imagna.

The river Brembo runs entirely this valley and then it flows into the Adda (it is a left tributary of the Adda)

3- Valcalepio

It is characterized by a mild weather and a rich soil. This valley is mainly dedicated to viticulture.

It has a shistous-clay soil or chalky clay soil.

The best known wine of this area is “Valcalepio Rosso” produced from a blend of “Merlot” and “Cabernet-Sauvignon” grapes. Well-known are also “Valcalepio Bianco,”, “Moscato Passito”, and “Valcalepio Rosso Riserva”.

4- Val Cavallina

Val Cavallina is around 30 Km long, and it’s crossed by River Cherio

The northernmost part (pretty narrow) is strongly influenced by Endine Lake, both from a climatic and an economical point of view.

The southernmost part is instead influenced by River Cherio, which springs from Endine Lake (near Monasterolo del Castello).

5- Val di Scalve

It is located in the north-east province of Bergamo. The river which crosses this valley is Dezzo

Among the most well-known towns we can recognize Colere and Schilpario, famed for their ski resorts.

Vilminore di Scalve is instead the most important town of the valley

6- Val Imagna

Val Imagna is located on the left side of Val Brembana and at the bottom of this valley flows the creek Imagna.

Its territory is divided into 16 towns and different castles and fortifications are still present.

7- Val Seriana

It’s the valley of River Serio , which flows across it for around 50 km.

The valley floor is urbanized and has important industries, in particular those belonging to the textile sector.

The slopes host instead different Sanctuaries (mainly dedicated to the Virgin Mary)

8- Sebino

This area derives its name from Iseo Lake, or Sebino

This important lake, which has a surface of around 65 square KM, hosts the biggest and highest island within a lake in Italy : Monte Isola.

The most important economic activity of this territory is tourism : Isea, Sarnico and Lovere are the most famous towns.

9- Isola

it’s mainly a flat territory, it has a triangular shape and it is enclosed between the rivers Adda and Brembo.

This area is deeply populated, it is prosperous from an economical point of view and it’s highly industrialized.

10- Pianura Bergamasca

Bassa Bergamasca, or Pianura bergamasca (Bergamo’s plain), is a flat area south of the province.

The economy is mainly based on agriculture, even if there are important industries too.

Among the most famous town there is Martinengo, where the well-known potatoes are grown.